In the wake every terror atrocity that Europe has suffered, politicians and commentators have scrambled to cobble together explanations about why some Muslims turn into extremists. The same thing happens whenever anyone questions why so many young European Muslims have left the peace and relative affluence of the societies they grew up in and have instead chosen the horrors of life under the Islamic State in Syria.

Following the recent attacks in Paris and Brussels, the word Molenbeek began to recur in the news cycle. That’s the name of the neighborhood in the Belgian capital that became the center of the now infamous Islamic State cell that has been terrorizing Europe. Depending on which estimates you go on, Molenbeek’s demographic is somewhere between 25 and 40 percent Muslim. Those seeking to make sense of Europe’s growing problem with radical Islam are increasingly recognizing the challenge of extremism spreading through socially isolated Muslim communities that have formed in urban areas with a relatively high Muslim population density.

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